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Re: Masonry: Epoxy-injection for shear repair?[Subject Prev][Subject Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next]
- To: "'seaoc '" <seaoc(--nospam--at)seaoc.org>
- Subject: Re: Masonry: Epoxy-injection for shear repair?
- From: "Sprague, Harold O." <SpragueHO(--nospam--at)bv.com>
- Date: Wed, 27 Aug 1997 12:34:00 -0500
Sandy, Thanks for giving credit to all of those who participated in the effort to develop the LA std. I did not state nor did I intend to infer that it was solely Mike Schuller's invention. I said he "... developed a method of grout injection." And he serves as a good resource. Mike has solid experience in using NDT methodology to determine applicability, he has developed a good grout mix design, and he has done allot of research into grout injection. Mike's company has also developed a resource library on masonry repair which includes many references from Europe (and California). He is a good resource for the grout injection research conducted at the Univ. of Colorado and at the Univ. of Texas @ Austin. I think the most important contribution is Mike's effort to have this methodology of repair considered outside of Southern California. The methodology is worth consideration in lower seismicity areas and for other reasons (ie water permeability, wind, gravity loads, freeze thaw durability, etc.). As long as credit is being given, it should also be recognized that grout injection has been used in Italy, France, Yugoslavia, and by Wayne Ruth of Hunt Valley Masonry of Baltimore, Maryland. There is also published literature that predates 1987. Filler and Kreigh published "A Guide to Pressure Grouting Cracked Concrete and Masonry Structures with Epoxy Resins" in 1973. I am sure that even this augmented list of credits lacks very important contributors. Everyone that has used or specified the methodology has added to and embellished the process. Everyone who has published or posted their findings in a national or international forum adds to that process even further. Thanks for posting the credit list for the work that was done in Los Angeles. I did not intend to diminish the contributions from Southern California. Someone tell me how much to bill Schuller for the inadvertent advertisement. Regards, Harold Sprague Black & Veatch ---------- From: Sandy Pringle To: seaoc(--nospam--at)seaoc.org Subject: Re: Masonry: Epoxy-injection for shear repair? Date: Wednesday, August 27, 1997 1:29AM ---------- > From: Sprague, Harold O. <SpragueHO(--nospam--at)bv.com> > To: 'seaoc ' <seaoc(--nospam--at)seaoc.org> > Subject: RE: Masonry: Epoxy-injection for shear repair? > Date: Tuesday, August 26, 1997 8:27 AM > > Michael, > > Call Mike Schuller of Atkinson-Noland & Assoc. 303-444-3620. Mike is > very knowledgeable in masonry repair and epoxy injection. Mike has also > developed a method of grout injection (Re: Masonry Construction, Sept. > 1996). The contractor that has actually repaired several masonry walls > using grout injection is Hunt Valley Masonry of Baltimore 410-683-0177. > > The grout injection method involves drilling and porting similar to > epoxy injection, but the material is a fine grout which has properties > compatible with the masonry. Epoxy is much harder than the masonry and > is not all that compatible with masonry. Mike has some fairly > impressive data on masonry walls that were constructed, cracked, > repaired, and tested. > > Additional references: > Proceedings "International Brick Masonry Conference 1991, "Strengthening > and Durability of Decayed Brick Masonry Repaired by Injections, by > Binda, Baronio, & Fontana. > > ASTM STP 992, 1988, "Masonry Cracks: A review of Literature", by Grimm > > City of LA RGA #1-91, "Crack Repair of Unreinforced Masonry Walls with > Grout Injection", May 22, 1991. > > Regards, > Harold Sprague > Black & Veatch > ---------- > From: Livingston, Michael > To: 'seaoc' > Subject: Masonry: Epoxy-injection for shear repair? > Date: Monday, August 25, 1997 6:46PM > > I'm evaluating a 10-story masonry apartment building built in the early > 70's where the walls sustained cracking from both the Loma Prieta > earthquake and differential settlement. About 5 years ago, it was > "repaired" using epoxy injection. I'm trying to track down which > product was used without much success. Apparently the criterion was to > fix all cracks you could stick a credit card into and call the rest > "cosmetic". > My question: Are these epoxy injection methods effective for restoring > shear capacity of masonry walls? > I've talked to some manufacturers who say it is great, stronger than the > surrounding masonry, etc. but who were not forthcoming with test data. > A colleague of mine suggests that for every crack, there are many more > micro-cracks just waiting to open up nearby. And where there is a > visible crack, the steel may have yielded, reducing the capacity of the > wall if steel was used to resist shear. > Does anyone have any opinions/data on this method of repair? > > Michael Livingston, SE > michael.livingston(--nospam--at)intres.com I was really surprised to read this note regarding Mike Schuller's invention as published in Masonry Construction in September 1996 because, in fact, this system was perfected through the 3-4 year long efforts of the Hazardous Buildings Committee of SEAOSC following the Whittier-Narrows event in 1987. Through the unsung volunteer efforts and contributions of men like SEAOSC members Ray Steinberg, John Kariotis, Nels Roselund, Dave Breiholz, Dave Taubman, and City of Los Angeles personnel Scott McGill, Karl Deppe, Doc Nyguem, myself and many others, a small Los Angeles company, Ace Repointing, was able to develop and patent an injection nozzle to monitor and regulate the injection flow and pressure for this system. Much destructive testing proved the lateral movement of the grouting was significant enough to fill many of the voids and, in that manner, restore an unquantifiable amount of the lost structural stability of the damaged unreinforced masonry wall.This resulted in the adoption of the referenced City of Los Angeles RGA 1-91 in May 1991, "Crack Repair of Unreinforced Masonry Walls with Grout Injection" Just thought a little credit was due to those that put out the big effort although I don't mean to minimize whatever efforts Mr. Schuller may have invested; hopefully he was able to utilize our research and further the initial developments. I look forward to reviewing the Masonry Construction article and the proceedings from the 1991 Conference. R. Sandy Pringle Structural Inspection Consultants Inc. (800)598-1970
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