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Re: Residential wood stud heights and stresses

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	This sounds like the exercise that I wnet through be fore I took the time
to generate design tables with EXCEL.  I found that mose of the notching
and drilling occurs at the duplex plug level and if you reflect upon the
analysis of a laterally loaded, axially loaded posts or studs subject to
bearing, bending and buckling.  Consider the forces at different points
along the length, because the maximums and values occur at different points
along the length.  You should find that the element has more capacity than
would be expected if all maximum values occur at the same place along the

	Bill Warren, SE
	Newport Beach, CA

> From: HARRISENGR(--nospam--at)
> To: seaoc(--nospam--at)
> Subject: Residential wood stud heights and stresses
> Date: Saturday, February 14, 1998 10:20 AM
>       I would appreciate hearing what others do on 10' wood studs : 2 x 4
or 2
> x 6 , particularly in tract work.
>      '94 UBC table 23 I R 3 allows 2 x 4 up to 10' for a two story.
>      Section 2304 limits stresses.
>      Sec 2326.11.9 allows 25% notches (  7/8 " in 2x4 )
>      Sec 2326.11.10 allows 40% bores ( 1-3/8 " in 2x4 ) but must be some
> distance from a cut or notch ( 2" ? )
>       I am working on a tract with 10' first floor plates, 20' 2nd floor
> spans ( no light weight concrete ) , and 38' roof truss spans ( heavy
tile ).
> Standard grade studs are overstressed without any holes or notches, No. 2
> grade studs is not common but they are overstressed if any bores or
> are added ( sec 2308 : flex plus axial ). With current electrical,
> telephone, cable, sound, vacuum, etc, requirements i don't see how this
> ever be within stress limits. Not to mention a HD8 in a 4 x 4 !
>       I am recommending 2 x 6 studs.
>       The architect and developer are bewildered that i even consider
> when virtually all the tract houses in this area use 2 x 4 studs and it
> allowed by table 23 I R 3.
>      When i consider this, i have in my mind the 2 story house in
> oaks i evaluated after the Northridge earthquake ( 20 mi. away) that was
> similar and had almost every 2 x 4 stud on the first floor split and
> shattered.
>      Thanks in advance.
>      Tom Harris, SE
>      Thousand Oaks, CA