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Re: x brace question

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At 08:43 AM 3/11/98 -0700, you wrote:
>For an ordinary x braced steel frame with tube steel braces
>can one assume the brace buckling length for in and out of plane
>to be 1/2 the actual brace length ?
>
>Tarek Mokhtar

For out-of-plane buckling use k=1.0 for kL (or a k less the 1.0 if the
extremeties are very rigid, e.g., k=0.8).

For in-plane use k=0.5, if one of the braces is tensioned and the other is
compressed. If both are compressed use k=1.0