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RE: Windows 98

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This is from "Partition Magic Users Guide" Chapter 4: Concepts (pg 135-6)
"The New Technology File System (NTFS) is accessible only through the
Windows NT operating system. NTFS is not recommended for use on disks of
less than 400MB because it uses a great deal of space for system structure.
The central system structure of the NTFS file system is the master file
table (MFT). NTFS keeps multiple copies of the critical portions of the
master file table to protect against data loss. [Bill, FAT stores a
duplicate or mirror copy on the drive of the folder structure which takes
less space.]
NTFS uses clusters to store data files, but the size of the cluster is not
dependent on the size of the volume. A cluster size as small as 512 bytes
can be specified, regardless of volume size. Using small clusters reduces
the amount of wasted disk space and the amount of file fragmentation, a
condition where files are broken up over many noncontiguous clusters and
which results in slower file access. Thus, NTFS provides good performance on
large drives.
The NTFS file system also supports hot fixing, through which bad sectors are
automatically detected and marked so that they will not be used.
On and NTFS volume, you can us all Partition Magic features except features
that are specific to the FAT and FAT32 file systems."

One thing that will be implemented on Windows 98 that is not yet available
is something called "Windows 98 Aligned" which means that windows won't
release cached code as long as it is still running. The biggest savings
comes in CPU time. There is a very good discussion of it in the latest (May
1998) Windows Magazine ( which you can download or
read. It requires vendors to align the memory blocks of their codes (a
little too complicated for me to comprehend). However, Microsoft promises a
utility that the vendor can use to automate the process.


-----Original Message-----
From: Bill Allen, S.E. [mailto:billallen(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Monday, May 04, 1998 1:55 PM
To: seaoc(--nospam--at)
Subject: Re: Windows 98

I'm still confused. The cluster size is "constant" in Win95. The problem is
that, in Win95, only one file can be in a cluster. So, if the cluster size
is 16kb or 32kb, a 2kb file actually takes up 16kb or 32kb (depending on the
cluster size). A 40kb file takes up 48kb or 32kb (again, depending on the
cluster size). Prior to Win95B, you had to partition large drives to get
down to 16kb clusters, otherwise you automatically had 32kb clusters.

Is your point that, by using the NTFS, you can put more than one file in a

What about if you only "upgrade" to NT and your HDD was formatted under
Win95A or earlier?

I have NT4.0 on the shelf, but I haven't installed it since I saw more
problems (device drivers, etc.) than it was worth.

Bill Allen

-----Original Message-----
From: Bill Polhemus <polhemus(--nospam--at)>
To: 'seaoc(--nospam--at)' <seaoc(--nospam--at)>
Date: Monday, May 04, 1998 1:29 PM
Subject: RE: Windows 98

>-----Original Message-----
>From: Bill Allen, S.E. [SMTP:billallen(--nospam--at)]
>Sent: Monday, May 04, 1998 3:03 PM
>To: seaoc(--nospam--at)
>Subject: Re: Windows 98
>So, Bill, are you saying that with NTFS, that a 2kb file doesn't take up 16
>or 32kb space on a HDD?
>[Bill Polhemus]
>That's correct.  The cluster size is constant.