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Re: Steel Moment Connections

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The whole issue regarding whether slip-critical bolts are required or a 
bearing connection will suffice (in the application at hand and many 
more) is covered quite well in The Guide to Design Criteria for Bolted 
and Riveted Joints, 2nd Edition by Kulak, Fisher and Struik. As this book 
is the fundamental basis for the provisions in the Specification for 
Structural Joints Using ASTM A325 or A490 Bolts, published by the 
Research Council on Structural Connections, I think it is the best 
resource for informed decision-making on all issues in bolting.


Harold Sprague wrote:
> Bill,
> You have raised an interesting point.  Following the Hyatt walkway collapse, I inspected several shopping centers in Kansas City that had 
been in service for s
> The interesting part came when the bolts were replaced.  Only one of the bolts had slipped into bearing.  Thirteen of the 14 bolts were 
removed by hand without
> The point:
> Bill's caution is justified.  Don't count on the bolts slipping with dead load only.
> Regards,
> Harold Sprague, PE
> Krawinkler, Luth & Assoc.
> -----Original Message-----
> From:   Bill Sherman [SMTP:SHERMANWC(--nospam--at)]
> Sent:   Tuesday, June 30, 1998 8:26 AM
> To:     seaoc(--nospam--at)
> Subject:        Re: Steel Moment Connections
> I asked a similar question "in reverse" several weeks ago.  I asked why AISC
> permits bearing type bolts in combination with welds in such connections,
> since slippage of the web connection bolts would cause additional stress in
> the flange welds.  The response I got was that AISC assumes that the bolts
> will be in bearing due to dead load during erection and the examples shown
> are
> intended for non-high seismic conditions.  Personally, I feel that
> slip-critical bolts should be used in such connections to prevent
> overloading
> the welds.
> It should be noted that the LRFD commentary suggests torquing the bolts
> before
> performing welding when using slip-critical bolts in combination with welds
> (see commentary for Section J1.7).
>     ---------------------------------------------------------------