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Re: Bolt Pre-Tensioning

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>I don't believe calculations support his explanation.  Nor do I find it
>plausible the code is purposefully allowing the designer to double-dip
>on capacity 
That isn't what happens. A pretensioned bolt carries clamping loads from 
contact pressures generated between the connected parts. When external 
load is applied the connection deforms slightly so that the clamping 
pressures are relaxed. The load in the fastener doesn't change 
appreciably until contact is lost because the clamping pressure drops off 
as fast as the applied load increases. This behavior depends on the 
connected parts being much stiffer than the bolt, which might not be the 
case. There are a million (lots anyway) papers and books quantifying this 

Christopher Wright P.E.    |"They couldn't hit an elephant from
chrisw(--nospam--at)        | this distance"   (last words of Gen.
___________________________| John Sedgwick, Spotsylvania 1864)