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point load vs. effective width

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I have a project that needs to design a free-standing wall subjected to a point load perpendicular 
to the wall (out-of-plane point load). The point load is located at 2'-0" above the bottom of the 
wall. The question is that what width of the wall (at wall length direction, not thickness 
direction; the width is located at bottom of the wall) should be used to resist the point load ? 
Should be spread at a ratio of height:width=1:2 at each side of the point load (that means 
width=8') or even height:width=1:3 (width=(2)(2)(3')=12') ? Or any other width should be used ? 
Does any one know any reference or test results regarding this issue ?

Thanks in advance.

Quick Wu