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RE: Brick walls on top of gable roofs

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To the letter of the code, that is correct.  UBC 97 section 2307 "Wood 
members shall not be used to support the dead load of any masonry or 
concrete"  There are a few minor exceptions, but that eliminates the use of 
a steel brick ledge attached to wood.  It is often done, and IMHO should be 
allowed for cosmetic brick, but the UBC says "NO".

-----Original Message-----
From:	Jim Kestner [SMTP:jkestner(--nospam--at)]
Sent:	Thursday, November 19, 1998 9:09 AM
To:	seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject:	Re: Brick walls on top of gable roofs

Is it the intent of the national codes (UBC '97 2307, BOCA '96 2112.3  and
SBC) not to have any masonry directly supported by wood? I also assume
that they are refering to vertical support only and not lateral support.
What about the case where the masonry is supported by a steel angle which
in turn is supported by a wood stud wall? I assume the concern is for the
wood supports rotting out if the masonry is in direct contact. What if you
are supporting only a few feet of masonry?

Jim Kestner, P.E.
Green Bay, Wi

Donald L. Carr wrote:

> The request by an architect or a customer for brick veneer on a
> gable end wall above a one story section is quite common on the East
> Coast.  From a builders perspective, this is an easy problem to
> solve.  Run the brick veneer up from the nearest available masonry
> or concrete footing.  Make sure the brick veneer is fully
> supported (i.e. that it goes vertically from the footing to the
> top of the wall.  This means either using 4 inch cinder block in
> the garage, where it cannot be seen from the street, and then
> brick veneer above the gable end roof, or an exposed brick wall
> "decorating" the garage/house common wall.  It is only a question
> of monet and the money is the reason most houses have a
> non-structural siding above the gartage in this location.  I have
> used a steel angle bolted to the wood frame wall in Virginia BOCA
> jurisdictions and the building official has accepted it.  The long
> term result is some settlement cracking, but no structural damage.
> Don Carr
> > I have a case where my customer is building a house that is 2 story
> > with a one story garage.  The drawings show that brick will be on
> > the 2nd floor wall of the main house that is above the one story
> > garage.
> >
> > I have seen people do this on other houses, but have never seen
> > anything done to insure the brick does not slide down the inclined
> > surface of the steel angle they lay on the lower roof and attach to
> > the wall.  I have seen houses with vertical cracks in the brick at
> > the peak of the lower roof.  I estimate that the could be caused by
> > sag of the roof or sliding of the brick along the angle.
> >
> > Does anyone have any good methods of securing the brick both
> > vertically and horizontally when brick is placed over a roof such as
> > this?
> >
> > Thanks
> > Ron Martin
> > Tuscaloosa, AL
> >
> >
> Donald L. Carr
> dcarr(--nospam--at)
> NAHB Research Center, Inc.
> 400 Prince Georges Blvd.
> Upper Marlboro, MD 20774
> 301-249-4000 x575