Need a book? Engineering books recommendations...

Return to index: [Subject] [Thread] [Date] [Author]

Cancer For All People on Earth

[Subject Prev][Subject Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next]
Partial Reprint from: 
The Cassini Mission Is The #1 Censored Story On Earth
Cancer For All People On Earth 

Cassini Mission to Saturn

Plutonium vs. Solar Fuel Cell 
Cassini is a 3.4 billion dollar, 11 year, unmanned mission to explore 
Saturn and one of its satellites, Titan. Cassini is to use the 72.3 lbs. of 
Pu (plutinium) not as a fuel to propel it, but to power (by the heat 
given off during radioactive decay) 3 Lockheed-Martin (LM) built, 
radioisotope thermal generators (RTG's) that will create the modest 
745 watts of electricity to run all of the onboard instruments and 
experiments. Part of the Pu will also be used in 130 Radioisotope 
Heater Units (RHU's). The RHU's provide heat for controlling the thermal 
environment of the spacecraft and several of its instruments. This 
modest generation of 745 watts of electricity can now be done in deep 
space conditions by using a combination of advanced photovoltaics 
(solar power) and long lived fuel cells. The National Aeronautics and 
Space Administration (NASA) has been using both solar and fuel cell 
technologies since the days of the Gemini missions back in the mid 
1960's. 

NASA, however, has denied that the Cassini mission can use the 
solar fuel cell process stating that Saturn's solar insolation is only 
about 1% (it's 1.087%) compared to the Earth's. Thanks to the 
European Space Agency (ESA) announcing back on 4/29/94 "a technology 
milestone, the development of new, low-intensity, low-temperature (LILT) 
solar cells that are capable of 25% efficiency, the highest efficiency 
ever reached, and could be used in deep space missions. If given the 
contract to do the work, within 5 years ESA could have solar cells ready 
to power a space mission to Saturn," said Dr. Carla Signorini, a ESA 
physicist in Noorwijk, Holland. 

NASA Sells Its Soul 
Some background info to show where NASA is coming from: For the 1989 
Galilio mission to Jupiter, a NASA witness swore in court that it could 
only be completed by getting its electricity from the 49.25 lbs. of Pu 
in its RTG's. Yet, two weeks after the launch, in response to a Freedom 
Of Information Act requested by Professor Karl Grossman of the State 
University of N.Y. at Old Westbury. (A request that was filed two years 
earlier with NASA and the Department of Energy (DoE) ) The Jet 
Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) acknowledged that solar energy could 
substitute for nuclear power. "Based on the current study, it appears 
that the Galilio Jupiter orbiting mission could be performed with a 
concentrated photovoltaic solar array power source without changing the 
mission sequence or impacting science objectives" so stated one of the 
reports. A year later when the Ulysses mission was launched, NASA 
actually admitted in its pre-launch Final Impact Statement "that solar 
could substitute for nuclear power but would require a redesign." 

NASA, JPL, the DoE's national nuclear laboratories, and the corporations 
that have been involved in the producing of nuclear hardware for the 
space missions insist on sticking with nuclear on Cassini. NASA has been 
in bed with the DoE and its laboratories, the Department of Defense 
(DoD), the National Security Agency (NSA), The Pentagon, and all the 
military industrial complex corporations from the start. Then, near the 
end of the Apollo days, NASA sold their souls to the military for new 
contracts. Just take a look at the Space Shuttle missions, many of them 
are top secret military missions. 

The Mission 
Cassini's launch vehicle (booster rocket), the Titan 4 B (SRMU)/Centaur, 
built by LM, does not have the thrust to propel it at 10 Kilometers 
Per Second (KPS), which is the speed that is needed to send it directly 
out to Saturn. So in order to achieve the 10 KPS to reach Saturn, which 
is (on average) 794 million miles from Earth, Cassini will be utilizing 
4 gravity assist flyby maneuvers. This maneuver is accomplished by 
flying very close to a large mass such as a planet and using that planets 
gravitational field to transfer some of its energy to the spacecraft, 
which then enables the spacecraft to increase its velocity tremendously. 

After successful launch, Cassini will first head to Venus. The first 2 
flybys will be swings around Venus, with the first occurring on 4/21/98. 
Then there is a huge swing taking it all the way out between the Earth 
and Mars, where a maneuver on 12/2/98 will then turn it back to 
Venus. On 6/20/99 the 2nd Venus flyby will occur. Cassini then 
slingshots back out toward Saturn. The 3rd flyby will be the swinging by 
of the Earth on 8/16/99, at an altitude of only 310 miles, and traveling 
at 42,699.96 MPH. This leaves as little as 19.81 seconds for a 
trajectory window before a fiery inadvertent reentry into our 
atmosphere. The 4th flyby will be of Jupiter on 12/30/2000.

Cancer For All People On Earth 
Now back to Cassini's 310 mile high, 42,699.96 MPH, Earth flyby with as 
little as 19.81 seconds for a trajectory window. Dr. Michio Kaku 
explains the catastrophic consequences of such a flyby accident: "If 
there is a small misfire of Cassini's rocket system, it will mean that 
Cassini will penetrate into the Earth's atmosphere. This thing coming 
into the Earth's atmosphere, will vaporize, releasing the payload and 
then particles of plutonium dioxide will begin to rain down on populated 
areas, if that is where the system is going to be hitting. Pulverized 
plutonium dust will be inhaled and stay in the body causing cancer over 
a number of decades." 

Dr. Arjun Makhijani a nuclear engineer from The Institute for Energy and 
Environmental Research has stated to me "the total radiation fallout 
from all the open air nuclear explosions from 1945 till the present is 
255,000 curies. Now, if Cassini had an inadvertent reentry with the 3 
RTG's and the 130 RHU's vaporized in our atmosphere, approximately 
407,000 curies of radiation would be released." The International 
Committee on Radiological Protection has set the maximum permissible 
level of Pu in the human body at .00000004 curies and in the air at 6 x 
10 to the -19 curies per cubic centimeter. 

NASA's Final Environmental Impact Statement On Cassini States: 
"In an inadvertent reentry during the gravity assist flyby of Earth on 
8/16/99, with the 72.3 lbs. of Pu vaporized throughout our atmosphere, 
approximately 5 billion of the 7 to 8 billion humans on Earth could 
receive 99% or more of the radiation exposure." (On 8/16/99, there will 
be 6.07 billion humans inhabiting the Earth, not the 7 to 8 billion that 
NASA states) By the way, the Cassini spacecraft has no heat shield for 
protection against a possible inadvertent reentry into our atmosphere. 

Dr. Ernest Sternglass, professor emeritus of radiological physics at the 
University of Pittsburgh, has warned that if Cassini disintegrated it 
would present a great danger and "that the death toll from the plutonium 
exposure of a Cassini inadvertent reentry may be as high as 30 to 40 
million people." The International Committee on Radiological Protection 
states "that inhalation of 1/10,000 of a gram of Pu causes lung cancer." 
There are 453.59 grams to a lb. so, 10,000 x 453.59 = 4,535,900 x 72.3 
lbs. = 327,945,570 people. Dr. Helen Caldicott, founder of Physicians 
for Social Responsibility, writes in her book Nuclear Madness: 
"Plutonium is so toxic that less than one-millionth of a gram, an 
invisible particle, is a carcinogenic dose. One pound, if uniformly 
distributed, could hypothetically induce lung cancer in every person on 
Earth." So, an inadvertent reentry of Cassini would cause lung cancer in 
up to 30 to 40 million people, up to 328 million people, or 
hypothetically everyone on Earth. This potential down side does seems 
quite the price to pay to explore Saturn...

So why are we playing nuclear roulette, and gambling with the devil 
with 72.3 pounds of Plutonium, when there is no reason to? And why 
does the entire press have a total blackout on this utmost issue of 
importance to all of humanity?