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Definition of a Drag Strut
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- Subject: Definition of a Drag Strut
- From: Seaintonln(--nospam--at)aol.com
- Date: Thu, 6 May 1999 00:17:54 EDT
It has been my opinion for some time that a drag strut need only be as long as required to develop the capacity of the diaphgram equal to the demand of the shear wall. Therefore if a 10 foot wall lies in the middle of a room and has a demand of 4800 pounds, then the connection to the diaphragm if at one edge (and with a diaphragm capacity of 240 plf) need only be 20 feet long. However, if the wall lies inside the room, the drag needs to be only 10 feet or the length of the wall provided the nailing of the diaphragm to the shearwall is equivalent to 240 plf at each side of the wall or 480 plf in two rows of nails. I've had a discussion with another engineer who believes the drag "strut" needs to develope the walls demand over the entire length of the diaphragm. I disagree with him with one exception. If the drag is to be developed in a roof rafter nailed typically with the equivalence of field spacing (say 12" o/c) verses boundary or edge spacing (6" o.c or closer) then the capacity of the strut will depend on the value of the actual nailing and additional nails may need to be added to balance the demand of the wall to the capacity of the diaphragm. The other engineer believes that if the drag were not the length of the diaphragm, the drag could pull away from the remainder of the diaphragm at the point where the drag stops. I understand his opinon as it is typical at the perimeter of a structure with openings where the drag across the opening must be sufficiently straped to transfer shear through the strut above an opening from one shearwall to the next. However, I believe that if the wall occurs only on one side of the opening the strut above the opening must be sufficiently connected (strapped) to develope the equivalent difference in shear from the length of diaphragm connected to the wall and the amount of shear needed to satisfy the rest of the demand. Generally the shear in the diaphragm is sufficiently low and the capacity of the walls high enough to effectivly transfer the shear through the plates and only consideration is made when the plates are discontinuous by discontinuity caused by a header or beam. Finally, I use the example of a sub-diaphragm analysis where the capacity of the strut connection normal to the wall only needs to be straped together for the length of the diaphragm necessary to develope the capacity of 30% of the wall weight between struts. I would appreciate any comments you might have? Dennis Wish PE
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