The Canadian and US approaches are quite different when using load and
resistance factors. The Canadian code approach is simpler and more consistent
I think. Basically, for ACI 318-95, it is called Ultimate Strength Design and
uses the following (simplified summary):
Important load combinations:
Plus a few others. For earthquakes, use 1.1E for W where E is a service level
Flexure & axial tension= 0.90
Axial compression= 0.70 (can be increased for low axial loads)
Shear & torsion= 0.85 (may be 0.6 for seismic design)
Actually, ACI-318 is even more complicated than the above suggests.
David Handy wrote:
> I am trying to correlate results from my Robot software with the Canadian
> code. The Canadian equivalent has not been released yet. The results in
> this case are from ACI 318/95. My questions are as follows:
> Are loads LRFD, and what are the live and dead load factors.
> In terms of strength calcs what are the material reducton factors used.
> I am using the slab or shell element RC design feature.
> Canadian code would use:
> live load X 1.5
> dead load x 1.25
> If live reversible then dead x 0.85
> concrete strength x 0.6
> rebar X 0.85
> David Handy, P.Eng
> Ontario, Canada