To: "'Sturctural Eng List Server'" <seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org>
Subject: Ice expansive force
From: James Allen <allen(--nospam--at)xyz.net>
Date: Wed, 1 Mar 2000 14:38:24 -0900
If I remember my physics and Arctic Engineering correctly, water expands approximately 1% during the change from a liquid to a solid. This expansion is a thermal expansion and can be treated similarly.
James Allen, P.E.