Follow Sections 6 & 7 of the American Association of State Highway and
Transportation Officials (AASHTO) Standard Specification for Highway
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Mete BAYKIR [SMTP:mbaykir(--nospam--at)yukselproje.com.tr]
> Sent: Monday, April 02, 2001 8:50 AM
> To: seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org
> Subject: bridge questions
> Any information on ;
> 1. Determination of design forces for bridge foundations (for SPC B, C and
> (We have the acceleration coefficient A, 0.1<A<0.4 g in my country.
> The column sections preferred by the state highway
> assoc. are huge ( 2.0*1.0 meters or similar) . When minimum
> reinforcement is applied to the section, i end up with very very big
> plastic moments. what moments should i use? if i use plastic values,
> i need to use a two way working foundation? does the
> column reach its plastic capacity for the two axis at the same time? )
> 2. Differences for the mathematical model of a curved (horizontal curve)
> bridge and an aligned bridge
> (For the same curved bridge, when the angle of response spectrum is
> changed, the local elastic seismic
> forces of the structural elements differ. The square root of sum of
> squares remain the same but the local forces change.
> Do I have to try some angles to find the most critical elastic force
> the structural elements (columns ) or is there another
> procedure which I don't know?)
> will be highly appreciated.
> Mete BAYKIR
> YÜKSEL PROJE ULUSLARARASI A.S
> Birlik Mah. 9. Cadde No:41
> Çankaya 06610
> Tel: +90 312 4957000 (Ext.224)
> Fax: +90 312 4957024
> Email: mbaykir(--nospam--at)yukselproje.com.tr
> -----Original Message-----
> From: Dinmore, Gary [mailto:Dinmore(--nospam--at)pbworld.com]
> Sent: Monday, April 02, 2001 3:14 PM
> To: 'seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org'
> Subject: RE: disappointed engineer
> Bridge engineering puts the Structural Engineer back in charge. Try it,
> might like it.
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Tomás Matta [SMTP:tmatta(--nospam--at)puc.cl]
> > Sent: Thursday, March 01, 2001 10:19 PM
> > To: seaint
> > Subject: disappointed engineer
> > I graduated from college here in Chile about six months ago, and I've
> > working ever since in a small office designing mostly reinforced
> > buildings, and to tell you the truth, I find the job to be very
> > disappointing. The pay is definitely not as good as in other areas
> > industrial engineering), and the job really gets to be boring sometimes.
> > I mean, what difference will it make if you try to do a good job and try
> > design economically for the client? Will he notice? I think certainly
> > not. The thing is, at least here in Chile structural engineering really
> > carries some status in college because it's considered to be one of the
> > more difficult areas of engineering, and the smartest kids here in Chile
> > prefer to study engineering rather that medicine or law, like in the
> > States. Now I don't regret having studied structural engineering, I
> > studying it, but working, now that's a different story. I don't want to
> > spend the rest of my life taking orders from the big man in the project
> > (architect), so I've already started to look for a job in another area.
> > Does this happen to engineers in other countries?
> > just my 2 pesos worth,
> > Tomas Matta
> > Ingeniero Civil, PUC
> > Santiago, Chile