I suggest an adhesive. If you don't have access to epoxy based adhesives
you can use cement paste. Using 1" topping is difficult anytime. If you
can use more, you should. You should use a mesh reinforcement if
available, since cracks will likely be a problem. Do not use pea gravel.
Use about a 1:4 mix (1 cement to 4 sand/small gravel) with as little
water as possible. If you can pour it, you have too much water. Then cure
it well with a paper or plastic membrane to keep the water inside for
several days. Or keep it wet 24 hrs. a day for several days.
Stan Scholl, P.E.
On Wed, 18 Apr 2001 11:59:13 -0500 richard lewis <rlewistx(--nospam--at)juno.com>
> I sent this a month ago and didn't get a response. I would
> some insight on this slab repair. Thanks!
> I have a concrete slab the is severely dusting on the surface. By
> I mean the top one inch is turning to powder. It was built in the
> 80's out in the bush of Kenya. I must assume it was prematurely
> and probably overwetted during the finishing process. I am not sure
> else would cause that much of the surface to deteriorate. It is an
> interior condition.
> What I would like to know is a recommended mix design for a topping
> of about 1" thick. It will be mixed by hand at the site. What is
> recommended for aggregate size and proportions of aggregate and
> As far as surface preparation, my thought is to remove the dust down
> sound concrete. I hope we can find some! Then, wet the surface and
> a topping.
> Thanks for your help.
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