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RE: plywood shear panels / box nails

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An option is to decrease the shear by 15% as was done in Los Angeles when it was discovered that box nails were used in place of common's. Have the engineer of record review the diaphragms reduced to see how they fair. I would guess that the roof diaphragm on a residential project would have sufficiently low shear that the box nails won't matter. However, there may be some problems in shearwalls depending on where your project is located.
While the code has not been followed to the letter, there are acceptable solutions which may have cost the insurance industry less by design justification than removal and replacement.
I do agree with you that once the panels have been nailed as close as 3" with 8d box nails, there is little good that will come from adding nails except splitting the wood. Worse if the nailing is 10d. In fact, I don't call out 10d nailing unless there is no other choice because of my experience in Seismic Retrofit of URM buildings. The problem with 10d's splitting joists was apparent there. It led me to be very cautious about using 10d commons in 2x wood.
Good luck,
-----Original Message-----
From: RShreenan(--nospam--at) [mailto:RShreenan(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Monday, May 21, 2001 5:44 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: Re: plywood shear panels / box nails

Dennis and Chuck,

Thanks for your opinions and response.  I am working on several cases for the
framer's insurance company.  All of the homes have box nails in plywood
diaphragms and shear panels.  The plaintiff's fix is always: "renail with
common nails or replace pywood and renail with common nails".  When the
nailing is already 3" - 4" at boundaries, adding common nails will split many
of the 2x framing members resulting in less lateral strength than the as
built condition.

Ray Shreenan