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Re: Bending Embedded Reinforcing Steel

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I'm not familiar with the report, but...

If it's correct the magic "one" bend would occur when the shop made the "Z"
bend.  Straightening the bar in the field would be the second bend.

After all these years, I can count to two.


From: vicpeng <vicpeng(--nospam--at)>
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: Re: Bending Embedded Reinforcing Steel
Date: Saturday, July 07, 2001 12:14 PM

There was report issued about 11 years ago in New Zealand following some
research on the bending of rebar.  It found that one (1) cold bend of rebar
resulted in minimal loss of strength, however, on two (2) or bends there
was a drastic loss of strength.  I therefore only allow one cold bend,
however, what I don't see ....  Heating and bending is definitely out!

Hence you need to exercise caution with on-site bending.

Thor A Tandy P.Eng
Victoria BC
e-mail: vicpeng(--nospam--at)
  ----- Original Message ----- 
  From: Jim Persing 
  Sent: Friday, July 06, 2001 11:30 PM
  Subject: Bending Embedded Reinforcing Steel

  I have a detail on my plans with #4 bars bent 90 degrees from vertical in
  concrete stem wall to horizontal into a slab on grade.  Nothing unusual.
  The contractor wants to install embedded bars in the stem wall with the
  degree bend to horizontal and then another 90 degree bend back to the
  vertical just outside of the stem wall to make kind of a vertical Zee. 
  last bend is temporary and will be bent back to horizontal when the slab
  placed.    I have an older CRSI book which allows it only with the
  of the engineer and also a CRSI Engineering Data Report Number 12 which
  seems to indicate that it is probably OK for smaller bars.

  I can think of lots of reasons why this should not be done but just
  if anyone else has had this detail presented to them and whether or not
  approved it and why.

  Jim Persing, SE
  Advanced Structural Concepts
  Bellevue, WA

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