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RE: Concrete Overlays

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Re: Parking Structures : Planning, Design, Construction, Maintenance, and
Repair, 3rd Edition, Chrest - Editor.

It contains a section on overlays.  The Portland cement and low slump (Iowa
Method) should be about 3" thick but they are the least expensive.  The
silica fume and latex-modified can go down to about a 1 1/2" thickness.  The
latex modified is very expensive at about $300 per cubic yard.  Depending on
the volume I would opt for either the condensed silica fume or the epoxy

If the area is relatively small I would go with Sika  Call out the Sika rep,
and ask for a recommendation.  Consider one of the SikaTop products.  They
have products that can go to a feathered edge.  The nice thing about Sika is
their warranty, and the applicators are required to be trained.

Harold O. Sprague

> -----Original Message-----
> From:	GSKWY(--nospam--at) [SMTP:GSKWY(--nospam--at)]
> Sent:	Monday, July 09, 2001 9:27 PM
> To:	Seaint(--nospam--at)
> Subject:	Concrete Overlays
> I am looking for some ideas/recommendations for a concrete overlay on a 
> loading dock ramp. 
> The ramp is approximately 30 years old, approximately 100 ft long, is
> fairly 
> steep and was built with  lightweight aggregate (expanded shale).  A lot
> of 
> the aggregate has deteriorated, particularly at the top of the ramp where 
> there is a lot of torque from the front wheels of the trucks.  There has
> also 
> been erosion due to run-off.  Large sections of the ramp now resemble an 
> English muffin.   
> I am thinking about removing the top 3/4 in. of the slab and replacing it 
> with an overlay.  The options I am considering are:  latex modified
> concrete 
> (styrene butadiene), epoxy-modified concrete or a mix with silica fume.   
> One consideration is waterproofing - part of the ramp is in a
> semi-enclosed 
> area with very high (>100%) humidity.  Another consideration is minimum 
> thickness,  we cannot remove very much of the existing slab since there
> are 
> post-tensioning cables in the longitudinal direction. 
> Any ideas about relative advantages/disadvantages of these three systems 
> would be appreciated.  Relative costs would also be somewhat of interest
> but 
> are less of an issue than durability. 
> Thanks,    
> Gail Kelley

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