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I am looking at ACI 318-95 and have found, what I believe, to be
sections of the code commentary related to frame/compression member
design that are contradicting each other.  In the commentary to Section
10.11.1, on page 116, it states:

*	"Sections 10.11 through 10.13 provide requirements for strength
and assume frame analyses will be carried out using factored loads"

and further down in the same paragraph it states:

*	"The moments of inertia of the structural members in the service
load analyses should, therefore, be representative of the degree of
cracking at the various service load levels investigated.  Unless a more
accurate estimate of the degree of cracking at design service load level
is available, it is satisfactory to use 1/0.70 = 1.43 times the moments
of inertia give in 10.11.1 for service load analysis."

This implies that when doing a frame analysis the values for the moments
of inertia provided in 10.11.1 should be multiplied by 1.43 when using
service level loads (i.e., unfactored loads).  However, when reading the
commentary to Section (computing stability index) it states:

*	"If the lateral load deflections of the frame have been computed
using service loads and the service load moments of inertia given in
10.11.1, it is permissible to compute Q in Eq. (10-7) using 1.2 times
the sum of the service gravity loads, the service load story shear, and
1.43 times the first order service load story deflections"

What I believe is contradictory is the portion of the above sentence
that says "service load moments of inertia given in 10.11.1" which seems
to imply that the moment of inertia given in 10.11.1 are for service
load frame analysis, but in the commentary prior to, it seems to
indicate that those moments of inertia needs multiplied by 1.43 for
service load frame analysis.  Am I confused here ?   Anybody agree or
disagree with my perceived contradiction ?  Can anybody shed some light
here ?


Robert C. Rogers, PE
Senior Structural Engineer
A.M. Kinney, Inc. 
Consulting Engineers / Architects
150 East Fourth Street, 6th Floor
Cincinnati, Ohio 45202
PH: 513-421-2265, ext. 125
FX: 513-345-1318

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