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Concrete Shear Wall Below Grade; In-Plane / Out-of-Plane Behavior

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Title: Concrete Shear Wall Below Grade; In-Plane / Out-of-Plane Behavior

To all those informed concrete designers out there…..here's a question for you……..(an item of discussion & debate)

Deep, reinforced concrete basement shear wall which is also experiencing out-of-plane loading from the soil.  Shear wall design indicates the need for horizontal and vertical stirrups as well as flexural steel in either end of the shear wall.  The vertical stirrups act as shear reinforcement to resist the in-plane shear load.  Can these same stirrups be used as flexural reinforcement for the out-of-plane loading from the soil ?  Not addressed in the PCA Notes on ACI 318-99 and have found nothing in three textbooks addressing the issue.

Thanks
Robert

Robert C. Rogers, PE
Senior Structural Engineer
A.M. Kinney, Inc.
Consulting Engineers / Architects
150 East Fourth Street, 6th Floor
Cincinnati, Ohio 45202
PH: 513-421-2265, ext. 125
FX: 513-345-1318
rogersr(--nospam--at)amkinney.com
www.amkinney.com