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RE: concrete tanks

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ACI 350-01 Section 10.6.4 requires a z-factor of 115 for "normal environmental exposure". This is intended to correspond to a crack width of about 0.010 inches.
Epoxy coated rebar is not typically used unless required for severe chemical exposure. Due to reduced bond of epoxy coated rebar, I would expect it to increase cracking a little. Sealing compounds are not typically used, but for severe exposures, high build coatings or PVC liners are used. Concrete cover of 2-inches is typically used for cast-in-place concrete for rebar protection.
Thermal effects due to temperature variation across the wall thickness should be checked for your situation.

William C. Sherman, PE
CDM, Denver, CO
Phone: 303-298-1311
Fax: 303-293-8236
email: shermanwc(--nospam--at)

-----Original Message-----
From: brian stanley [mailto:bstanley(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Tuesday, November 04, 2003 6:17 AM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: concrete tanks

It is my understanding that ACI 350 contains recommendations as to crack widths/z-factor for water retaining structures.  What is the required crack width/z-factor for water retaining structures?  If someone has ACI 350, would anyone be willing to fax me that part of the code?  Does it make sense to use epoxy-coated rebar?  Are there special kinds of curing/sealing compounds that should be used?  Is silane based sealant with 40% alkytrialkoxsilane (typically used in parking garages) appropriate?  For reference, I am working on a ice/water tank which will be filled with water and then chilled over and over again.

Thanks for the help.

Brian Stanley
Baltimore, Md