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# Re: Shear wall Beam Design

• To: seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org
• Subject: Re: Shear wall Beam Design
• From: Scott Maxwell <smaxwell(--nospam--at)engin.umich.edu>
• Date: Tue, 25 Nov 2003 12:31:34 -0500 (EST)

```Jose:

I would second what Charlie posted.  The load combinations that you cite
would applied just like any other load combinations.  The only difference
is that the combinations and combination factors are a little different
from those in 1612.2 or 1612.3.

as you typically would (D and L basically vertical loading and Em
basically horizontal with a possible vertical component) and apply them
with the appropriate load factors to your structural system (a beam that
supports two walls).  You will have to analyze how the loads transmit
through the wall to the beam to determine what loads are applied to the
beam (there should be some vertical loads on the beam due to vertical
loads transmitted through the wall plus lateral loads causing the wall to
"flex" in its cantilever mode...and there likely should be some axial load
in the beam from horizontal load transmitted through the walls).  But,
this analysis would be not different if you were to use the load
combinations in section 1612.2 or 1612.3.

The biggest difference is the use of Em rather than E.  This means you
must use the maximum earthquake load that can be transmitted to the system
from the rest of the building not the code definied "applied" load.

HTH,

Scott
Ypsilanti, MI

On Tue, 25 Nov 2003, Jose Salinas wrote:

> I wanted to know if someone can show me how to apply the load combination
> equtations 12-17 and 12-18 to a beam design in a "plan offset discontinuous
> system".  The beam is supporting two 8 ft tall shear walls and is arranged
> as follows: 5ft shear wall - 3 foot window opening - 4 ft shear wall.
> Do the load combination equations give me a horizontal load at the top of
> the walls or a vertical load at the end of each shear walls?  Do I have to
> calculate the system as a perforated shear wall system or as individual
> shear wall system?  How do I apply the equations to the beam supporting the
> shear walls?
>
>
> Jose Salinas
>
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