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RE: Concrete Retaining Wall Control Joint and Expansion Joint Spa cing

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The US Corps of Engineers (EM 1110-2-2502, Section 6-4) states that
contraction joints are typically used at 20 to 30-ft spacings and are only
required in the stem for cantilevered walls. Expansion joints generally are
not needed unless there are abrupt changes in section or support conditions,
intersecting structures, etc. Expansion joints typically are shown in the
base and stem. Edges of contraction joints should be chamfered to prevent
spalling in case of compression forces at the joint. 
William C. Sherman, PE
(Bill Sherman)
CDM, Denver, CO
Phone: 303-298-1311
Fax: 303-293-8236
email: shermanwc(--nospam--at)

	From: Ken Peoples [mailto:kspeoples(--nospam--at)] 
	Sent: Thursday, July 29, 2004 10:20 AM
	To: Seaint
	Subject: Concrete Retaining Wall Control Joint and Expansion Joint
	I have a 900' long reinforced concrete retaining wall to design and
want to make sure that I get the control joints and expansion joints handled
correctly.  Can any of you direct me to the best source for guidelines on
this?  I would also be interested in what most of your "rules of thumb" are
for this.  The wall height is 10' to 15' above the footing and it is located
in PA where the temperatures vary between 0 and 100 F.  I intend to use
vertical and horizontal reinforcement in both faces and the minimum
thickness will be 12".  Also, am I safe in assuming that the expansion joint
only needs to go through the stem and not the footing?
	Thanks in advance for your help.
	Best regards,

	Kenneth S. Peoples, P. E.
	Lehigh Valley Technical Associates, Inc.
	1584 Weaversville Road
	Northampton, PA 18067-9039
	Phone: (610) 262-6345
	Fax: (610) 262-8188
	e-mail: kpeoples(--nospam--at)

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