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# RE: non-structural wood design values

• To: <seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org>
• Subject: RE: non-structural wood design values
• From: "Cain, William" <bcain(--nospam--at)ebmud.com>
• Date: Fri, 1 Oct 2004 11:33:29 -0700

```Bruce-
The USDA Wood Handbook lists Mahogany as follows (Table 4-5b):

Mahogany African (Khaya spp.)

Green                                             12% MC
S.G. = 0.42
Mod. Of Rupture = 7,400 lbf/in^2                  = 10,700
Modulus of Elasticity = 1.15 x 10^6 lbf/in^2      = 1.4 x 10^6
Work to maximum load = 7.1 in-lbf/in^3            = 8.3
Compression Parallel to grain = 3,730 lbf/in^2    = 6,460
Shear Parallel to grain = 931 lbf/in^2            = 1,500
Side hardness = 640 lbf                           = 830
Sample origin = Africa

Mahogany, true (Swietenia macrophylla)

Green                                             12% MC
S.G. = 0.45                                       = Not reported
MOR = 9,000                                       = 11,500
MOE = 1.34 x 10^6                                 = 1.5 x 10^6
Work TML = 9.1                                    = 7.5
Compression parallel = 4,340                      = 6,780
Shear = 1,240                                     = 1,230
Side hardness = 740                               = 800
Sample origin = America

HTH,
Bill Cain, S.E.
Berkeley  CA

[Bruce Holcomb wrote:
Subject: non-structural wood design values
From: "Bruce Holcomb" <bholcomb(--nospam--at)brpae.com>
To: <seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org>

I have been asked to provide calculations to prove that a Mahogany
plf, etc).  Does anybody have any design values for any grade of
Mahogany?  I assume a handrail would be a higher grade of wood, but I'll
take whatever I can get.

Bruce D. Holcomb, P.E., S.E.
Structural Engineer
Butler, Rosenbury & Partners
300 S. Jefferson, Suite 505
Springfield, MO 65806
ph. 417-865-6100
fax 417-865-6102
www.brpae.com
Architecture, Engineering, Interior Design, Planning & Development

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