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RE: conc retaining walls

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You’re right, Stan.


It was nice to see the guy finally succeed at something and get elected…



*back in the Windy City after waiting all night for Kerry and Edwards in Copley

Square in Boston…*


Well, at least the martinis and chowdah were excellent!




Dare we say Hillary in 2008?





David L. Fisher SE PE

Fisher + partners

372 West Ontario

Chicago 60610



312.573.1726 fax


312.622.0409 mobile

From: Caldwell, Stan [mailto:scaldwell(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Friday, November 05, 2004 10:29 AM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: RE: conc retaining walls




With all due respect, your reference should be to "Wang & Salmon".  C. K. Wang and Chuck Salmon were two of my favorite professors at UW-Madison back in the 60s.  I had the pleasure of talking with both of them at an event in Madison a couple of years ago.  Both look just as they did when I was a student.  C. K. is now retired in Florida, and Chuck is retired in Las Vegas.  John Johnson, the third textbook author, is retired in southern Wisconsin


In recent years, of course, Wisconsin has become more noted for football than for structural engineering textbooks.




Stan R. Caldwell, P.E.

Dallas, Texas

"Go Big Red" ... football or politics, take your choice


-----Original Message-----
From: Andrew Kester [mailto:akester(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Friday, November 05, 2004 9:24 AM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: conc retaining walls

I agree with Scott and Steve, I would use two layers of reinforcement on a cantilvered concrete retaining wall, whether code allows you not to or not.


The way I always have done it, is I first design the flexural reinforcement on the soil side (tension), get a bar spacing like #5 @ 12" o.c. Then I take 2/3 of the required horizontal temp/shrink reinforcement, and put that on the "sunny side" of the wall, and the other 1/3 on the soil side. To support the horiz  bars on the "sunny side", I use the same size bars as the vertical flexural bars at a bigger spacing like #5 @ 48" oc. This seems the easiest to build as you are using the same size bar size and increments of spacing. I also try to coordinate all this with the spacing of the bars in the footing so it can all tie together. (Ref. Reinf Concrete Design by Wang and Solomon, 6th Ed).



Andrew Kester, PE

Longwood, FL