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Re: Multi-story wood framed w/lots of openings

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There are 2 approaches to the problem:
1. Empirical Method (see AF&PA). It's quick & dirty. You'll need a legitimate shearwall (4' with an 8' plate) at each end. I'm also dubious about the drift "calculation" in the Stone paper.

2. Rational Method (see Wood Engineering & Construction Handbook by Faherty/Williamson). The arithmetic is a little tedious, but it provides a straightforward way to evaluate all the shear & strap requirements.  Usually the full panels aren't available for the empirical approach, so it's either this or Simpson/Hardy/? manufactured systems with a lot of highly loaded tiedowns. (& I agree with what I think Sharon wrote :o) It's hard to get the threaded rod system properly installed by an average framer).

Both  methods  give you 2 tiedowns (at each end).  I'm not comfortable without reinforcement at the openings so I use the Rational approach but YMMV.
Chuck Utzman, P.E.

Eli Grassley wrote:

David –


There is a great technical guide from the AF&PA written by Jeffrey Stone, PhD that covers perforated shear walls a little more in depth than the IBC does.  With lots of wall openings you should definitely think about using a perforated analysis with holdowns only at the extreme ends of the wall.  Check it out:


Eli Grassley

PSM Engineers

Seattle, WA


-----Original Message-----
From: David Smith [mailto:smith1129(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Wednesday, March 09, 2005 1:40 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Cc: smith1129(--nospam--at)
Subject: Multi-story wood framed w/lots of openings


I have noted with interest the discussion regarding the Simpson tie-downs and framing.

I am just starting to look at a two story wood building with a huge number of windows.  Leaves little solid wall.

Anyone have any comments or ideas on where to get examples of such a perforated design?