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RE: CONCRETE: Weird Spec Citation?

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Bill --
If this has to do, as Arvel suggests, with a silane-based sealer, you might see if TxDOT can give you a lead.  Their special spec 4302, "Penetrating Concrete Surface Treatment", used to cover silane-based sealers.  With the release of the 2004 TxDOT spec, the sealer specified in 4302 has now become Item 428, "Surface Treatment Class II", and is covered by material spec DMS-8140.  You might compare the old 4302 with the new 428 and DMS-8140.  If 4302 referred to your NCHRP document, maybe you'll be able to see how (and if) they updated it in the new spec.  All this should be available on their Web site.
-- Joel
Joel Adair, P.E.
Halff Associates, Inc.
Dallas, Texas
-----Original Message-----
From: Arvel L. Williams, P.E. [mailto:awilliams(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Tuesday, May 31, 2005 4:25 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: RE: CONCRETE: Weird Spec Citation?

Most NCHRP books from that era are and were only available from the Department of Commerce "National Technical Information Service."  Most document had the results that the sealers were expecting.  Try this link or you can download for $8.95 at this link
It amazes me how often we specify something without even reading what we have specified. 
As to your second query, probably.  But you don't know until you get the NCHRP report.  Besides, as I recall this documented included SILANE base sealers and the test is a simple hydrophobic evaluation for a minimum depth of sealer penetration.  But then it's been at least 12 years since I read the thing.
-----Original Message-----
From: Polhemus, Bill [mailto:bill.polhemus(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Tuesday, May 31, 2005 3:53 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: CONCRETE: Weird Spec Citation?

I came across a reference to "NCHRP 244" in an old concrete spec I'm editing. This wasn't familiar to me so it was to Google I went.

Interestingly, lots of manufacturers of concrete sealers reference "NCHRP 244," leading me to believe that it is used industry-wide, at least, but none of them tell you what it is.

I finally came to the conclusion that it was a reference to a book titled "Concrete Sealers for Protection of Bridge Structures" by Pfeifer and Scali, published in 1981 by the National Cooperative Highway Research Program in association with the Transportation Research Board (TRB) and the National Research Council (ISBN 0309034094).

As old as that document obviously is, and considering that it was apparently published by the taxpayers, I figured I could get a copy of it from SOMEWHERE online. I was wrong. In fact, NO ONE carries it, not even the off-the-beaten-path book resellers that lurk in the dark corners of the 'net.

My questions are:
1) With this not being any sort of official standard, why is it referenced so much by manufacturers of concrete sealers?

2) Are the "tests" mentioned in citing this report now existent in the guise of some ASTM or AASHTO standard?
3) Should I just forget about it and delete the reference since I'm not doing a bridge anyway?
Thanks for your insights.

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