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RE: Bracing Requirements

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Yes, that is the plan. Now, how to rationally size the members. There is little to no redundancy in this fixture. Loads are on the order of 20k at each col. with an overall ht. of 23'. Intermediate horz. beam is provided. Col. sects. are dbl. 8x8x.250 HSS.
I have one one approach outlined by Charles G. Salmon & John E. Johnson, Steel Structures, 4th Ed. Stiffness of brace, k, in the horz. dir. is  equivalent to 2x the column cap., Pn, divided by story ht., h.
-----Original Message-----
From: Gerard Madden, SE [mailto:gmadden(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Monday, September 12, 2005 2:21 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: RE: Bracing Requirements

Cross brace it (chevron or X bracing) for in-plane rigidity and if you are trying to eliminate buckling of the columns, provide horizontal cross pieces to reduce the unbraced length of the column (KL/r).