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RE: Elevator Sump Pit

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I’m not an expert on elevators, but perhaps this will help:


Prior to 1973, elevators remained active during a fire, permitting a car full of people to arrive at the fire floor with tragic results. Because of this dangerous situation, changes to elevators were implemented under ASME A17.1 Safety Code for Elevators and Escalators in three phases. New elevators installed under Group III requirements which became effective 10/26/98 are required to have either a drain or a sump with a sump pump. The sump pump shall be capable of operation without human intervention. An elevator pit drain may not drain to another elevator pit. Drain and/or Sump pump lines may not be directly connected to sewer lines, an air gap is required to prevent sewer gases from entering the elevator pit and hoistway. Sumps must be protected with a grate or other means to prevent a tripping hazard. The requirement of elevator pit drains and/or sump pumps is designed to provide a safe and dry pit area for service and inspection. Most new elevator hoistways have automatic water sprinklers for fire suppression so a means needs to be provided for evacuating water from the elevator pit should a sprinkler head go off. Also, the elevator pit is usually the lowest point in the building. The water from sprinkler heads in other parts of the building would also likely end up in the elevator pit as well as a spilled janitors cleaning bucket. Local Building jurisdictions may have additional requirements for the discharge of elevator pit drains and/or sump pumps. If traps or grease/oil separators are used they may not be located in the elevator pit or machine room. See California Administrative Code, Title 8, Subchapter 6 (Elevator Safety Code) paragraph 3120.6. Pits and section 106 of ASME A17.1-1996.


Randall H. Collier, P.E.

From: Rich Lewis [mailto:seaint03(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Wednesday, January 04, 2006 8:52 AM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: Elevator Sump Pit


Are elevator sump pits mandatory by some code of the elevator industry?  I have a condition in expansive soil with a fully suspended floor system.  It would be easier to build an elevator pit on void forms without a sump pit.  The architect said he thought it was required by the elevator industry.  Does anybody have a reference where this would be required?  Neither he, nor I, have any elevator specific codes.  I would hate to detail it without a sump pit and then flunk final inspection.