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RE: Shearwall bottom plate

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I would have them rip it out and re-frame if its getting hammered that much. That’s a lot of shear for a wood wall. I probably would have went with a hardy frame anyway due to the shear transfer issues below the floor and hung the floor joists off a parallam on top of the mudsill.


Did they use 3x’s for the mudsill and panel joint studs? Did they stagger the joints of the plywood on either side of the wall?


If they have already nailed the shit out of the 2x sill @ 2” oc from each side, you may have no choice. If they ran the plywood on the outside face continuous to the mudsill, I hope you have engineered lumber for the rimjoist/blocking.


Anyway, I would do this:

  • (N) 4x flat blocking on top of the 2x sill plate to receive the 2” staggered nails (re-nail them)
  • (N) 3.5” wide parallam blocking under the plywood, on top of the mudsill, between the I joist
  • ¾” Dia. Lag Bolts through the (n) 3x plate, (e) 2x plate into the new plam blocking to meet your shear demand
  • Use LTP4 clips from the parallam blkg to the mudsill on the crawlspace side to get your shear transfer


Make sure you have squash blocks under the end posts because I’d imagine that the uplift/compression forces are huge. If it lands on an I-joist, make sure they put in web stiffeners to prevent web buckling.


Hth and good luck,



-----Original Message-----
From: Tim Rudolph, PE [mailto:pinyonengineering(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Thursday, March 16, 2006 7:25 AM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: Fw: Shearwall bottom plate




I have a field fix problem where input would be helpful


The shearwall is the first floor built on a raised wood floor - the PT sill is bolted to the foundation ok then the 12" IJoist floor system then the shear wall on top of the floor sheathing.  The plate for the shearwall was called out to be 3x the wall is double sided 1/2"str 1 10d @ 2"oc 1740 plf  sorta important in the house.  the installed plate is 2x !!!!  on one side the shear panel can lap down the rim joist to the PT sill so there is 870plf into the foundation.  on the inside face the shear panel will only be nailed to the 2x plate that is SDS screwed to blocking under the floor.  How to fix? and transfer the remaining 870 plf into the foundation


can I have 2x blocks added between the studs on top of the 2x sill and the stagger the nailing between the plate and the block so each gets 4"oc nailing?   or should the block be 3x  Reframing would be a major proposition.  how should I attach the block to the exising 2x sill? (with SDS screws or nails the sds screws could extend into the under floor blocking)


Ideas are welcome




Tim Rudolph

Pinyon Engineering

Bishop, CA

760 387-2800