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Braced frame + concrete shear wall Dual system

• To: seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org
• Subject: Braced frame + concrete shear wall Dual system
• From: "Anantha Narayan C.K." <anant_27(--nospam--at)yahoo.com>
• Date: Tue, 15 Aug 2006 14:10:58 +0100 (BST)

Gentlemen,

I am designing a parking garage for a project in Trinidad. It has a smooth ramp (for parking) and a flat transition for turning and going up. There is an induced torsion due to the fact that the first flight of the ramp is connected to the ground. The building's center of rigidity is closer to the point where the ramp begins. I think that would make sense, but please offer your comments on this. Also, will the ramp act as a vertical truss and provide lateral bracing?

The job is in Seismic Design category D with Ss = 1.71 g and S1 = 0.68 g. The building is 14.6 m tall. and has plan dimensions of 39 m x 70m.

We are using (thinking of using) chevron braces in addition to concrete shear walls at the ends. Is this dual system uncommon as I did not find any reference to the same in IBC 2003. Will using an R value of 5 (for the SCBF) be very conservative? If not, what is a means to calculate a more realistic R value? Also, can ASCE 7-02 drift table value of 0.02 Hsx be used in metric since there are no metric values mentioned in parantheses.

I am fairly new to seismic design and have mostly been engineering for wind (work in florida). Please feel free to provide your experiences and knowledge with regards to seismic design in the Caribbean and in particular Trinidad.

Thanks
Anantha

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ANANTHA NARAYAN, E.I.
Structural Engineer
Bliss and Nyitray Inc.
Miami, FL - 33134

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