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Adding Storefront to Existing CMU Wall[Subject Prev][Subject Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next]
- To: <seaint(--nospam--at)seaint.org>
- Subject: Adding Storefront to Existing CMU Wall
- From: "Rich Lewis" <seaint04(--nospam--at)lewisengineering.com>
- Date: Tue, 13 Nov 2007 22:07:49 -0600
This post is associated with my other Walmart post. I’m working on designing the framing to put in storefront windows and was wondering how others had tackled it.
I have an 18’-8” high bearing wall. It is 12” CMU and 4” brick. I have no drawings so I don’t know if it is partially reinforced or not. All the holes that were poked in the wall showed hollow cores so far.
The owner wants to put a storefront strip window 9’-0” high the length of the building. About ½ the length of the wall has steel beams and columns supporting the roof framing. Some sections have just a masonry bearing wall.
I have given some thought as to how to support the wall. I’m considering using a 16”x?” tube lintel to carry the 16” wide wall. I haven’t sized it yet so I don’t know the height. I will have steel posts directly below the tube header, probably at 15’ on center. I will have some type of ‘strong back’ column behind this to provide the lateral support of the wall from foundation to roof framing.
Construction sequencing as I see it is to cut a hole at the floor line to install the column footing. I see the wall being able to arch over the hole cut for the footing. I then see wood needle beams poked through the wall above the steel header to support the wall while the section below is demolished. The new header and posts would be installed. Steel shims would then be wedged between the tube beam and the masonry to load the beam as much as possible before releasing the needles. A non-shrink grout needs to be packed in the gap made by the shims.
My preference is to see this done a section at a time, whether 15’ or 30’ lengths. I know what will happen though is any contractor who is doing this will want to shore it all up at once and tear it all out at once and install the steel framing.
I’m looking for critique or suggestions as to what I have proposed. Any steps left out? Any suggestions to improve on what is proposed?
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