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RE: Minimum Slab Reinforcing

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As Bill noted, to my knowledge, the intent of the provision is to provide the TOTAL amount of shrinkage and temperature steel in the cross section that you must provide.  The code then leaves it up to you to decide how to distribute that steel with in the cross section, with the only limitations being on bar spacing in the "out of plane" direction...although you could also use those spacing limitations in the other direction for layers of bars if you have a slab of sufficient thickness (i.e. greater than 18 inches).
Adrian, MI
-----Original Message-----
From: William.Sherman(--nospam--at) [mailto:William.Sherman(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Thursday, September 04, 2008 3:36 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: RE: Minimum Slab Reinforcing

The code does not refer to "each face", just to "area of shrinkage and temperature reinforcement" based on gross area of concrete.  The "common" practice is to provide half of this area in each face as a minimum (except for thin slabs with one mat of steel).  But the code doesn't say it has to be done this way - if the combined effect of the top and bottom steel areas meets the code minimum for S&T steel, then the code has been met.  (You still have to provide tension steel in any face that has design tension.)
Bill Sherman

From: William Haynes [mailto:gtg740p(--nospam--at)]
Sent: Thursday, September 04, 2008 1:15 PM
To: seaint(--nospam--at)
Subject: Re: Minimum Slab Reinforcing

If there is tension at the top and bottom, then you need to provide 0.0018*Ag at EACH face.
Will H.

On Thu, Sep 4, 2008 at 3:06 PM, David Topete <d.topete73(--nospam--at)> wrote:
I've always checked the 0.0018*Ag for top and bottom min steel.  i.e., if i have a 24" thick footing (mat or grade beam), I'll check As,min top = 0.0018 * 12" * 24"/2 = 0.259  Use #4 @ 9"o.c., or something like that...

On Thu, Sep 4, 2008 at 11:28 AM, Josh Plummer <joshp(--nospam--at)> wrote:

In ACI 318, section 10.5.4, the code states that the minimum flexural reinforcement for slabs and footings should be the same as given in 7.12 (which is the temperature / shrinkage requirements). 


I've interpreted this to me that regardless of what the area of steel required by analysis is, you can never let your total slab reinforcing (As_top + As_bottom) be less than the minimum amount required for temperature and shrinkage. 


Now, I've got another engineer who is arguing that the Asmin = 0.0018 * Agross requirement applies for BOTH the top steel reinforcing and the bottom steel reinforcing.  Since temperature and shrinkage controls the design of most relatively thick mat foundations, this interpretation would effectively double the amount of steel required in these mats. 


Any opinions?  Has anyone heard of someone interpreting this section of code in this manner? Is it common? 




Josh Plummer, SE


David Topete, SE