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Main Wind Force vs C&C Wind Force

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Your interpretation is correct, at least for wood studs. Here’s a link to a technical paper we wrote on the subject several years ago (2003) after receiving an interpretation from the ASCE 7 Wind Loads Committee:


We have codified this approach in the Wood Frame Construction Manual (WFCM) for One- and Two-Family Dwellings, 2001 Edition.






John "Buddy" Showalter, P.E.
Director, Technical Media


American Wood Council

Engineered and Traditional Wood Products
1111 19th Street, NW, Suite 800
Washington, DC 20036

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The American Wood Council (AWC) is the wood products division of the American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA). AWC develops internationally recognized standards for wood design and construction. Its efforts with building codes and standards, engineering and research, and technology transfer ensure proper application for engineered and traditional wood products.

The guidance provided herein is not a formal interpretation of any AF&PA standard. Interpretations of AF&PA standards are only available through a formal process outlined in AF&PA's standards development procedures.



From: Jason Christensen <jason(--nospam--at)>

To: "seaint(--nospam--at)" <seaint(--nospam--at)>

Subject: Main Wind Force vs C&C Wind Force


A senior associate and myself are having a debate.


So please correct me if I am wrong:


Desinging a wall element for out of plane force (be it masonry, wood, etc.)


When checking the element for forces that are combine, (i.e. axial + wind) one should use the MWFRS forces.  However that same element must then be checked for the C&C load, but that C&C load is not required to be in combination with any other loads.


If this is incorrect please let me know, also if anyone has a reference that would show an example of this I would be greatful.